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Dialysis is a special treatment for the patient whose kidneys are not working well in their body. This treatment helps your body to expel extra fluid and waste material of the body from your blood. This treatment came into the limelight in year 1970s.

In the condition of kidney failure, they cannot filter blood properly from the body. During this condition, toxins and other waste materials build up in the bloodstream.

Who requires dialysis?

A person suffering from kidney failure may require dialysis to get some relief. There are some conditions which may affect the functioning of kidneys. These conditions may be high blood pressure and lupus. Which may worsen the condition of your kidney? In these conditions, the patient should follow a strict diet as per doctor’s guidelines. These conditions are long-term; therefore, a patient should take proper monitoring. Dialysis may help in this condition for such patients, which may give some comfort.

Approximately, in kidney diseases, there are five major stages. Doctors decide at which stage you are, and accordingly, they suggest treatment. Dialysis or kidney transplants are the only options to stay alive.

Here are some key points on various aspects of dialysis

1. Extra Waste Removal:

Dialysis is a medical procedure used to remove waste products and excess fluids from the blood when the kidneys are unable to perform this function adequately

It is primarily used in cases of kidney failure, where the kidneys can no longer filter and eliminate waste products effectively.

Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are the two main types of dialysis used for waste removal.

During hemodialysis, blood is circulated through a machine that filters out waste and excess fluids before returning the purified blood to the body.

Peritoneal dialysis involves the use of the peritoneal membrane in the abdomen to filter waste and excess fluids using a special solution.

2. Liver Dialysis

Liver dialysis, also known as bioartificial liver support, is a specialized form of dialysis used to support patients with acute liver failure or severe liver disease.

Unlike traditional dialysis, liver dialysis is designed to assist the liver in its functions, such as detoxifying the blood and producing essential proteins.

This technique uses artificial liver devices or bioartificial systems that mimic some of the liver's functions to buy time for the patient while awaiting a liver transplant or for the liver to recover.

3. During Poisoning Conditions:

Dialysis can be used in cases of poisoning when toxic substances, such as drugs or chemicals, have been ingested and need to be removed from the bloodstream rapidly.

Hemodialysis and sometimes peritoneal dialysis can be employed for this purpose.

The principle behind dialysis for poisoning is to filter the toxic substances out of the blood and replace them with a balanced electrolyte solution to restore proper chemical balance in the body.

4. Electrolyte Balance:

Electrolyte balance is crucial for the proper functioning of various bodily processes, including nerve function, muscle contractions, and maintaining pH levels.

In cases of severe electrolyte imbalances, particularly when the levels of potassium, sodium, calcium, or bicarbonate become dangerously high or low, dialysis may be necessary.

Hemodialysis can be used to remove excess electrolytes from the blood and restore a more balanced state.

Dialysis machines are equipped with specialized filters and solutions to adjust and maintain the electrolyte balance as needed during the procedure.

In summary, dialysis is a versatile medical procedure that serves different purposes, including the removal of waste products, liver support, managing poisoning cases, and restoring electrolyte balance. The choice of dialysis method and purpose depends on the specific medical condition and the patient's needs.

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1st Floor, Ajmera Tower

Bariatu Road,Sarhul Nagar, Ranchi, Jharkhand 834009

+91 810 240 9980

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